5th September 2016 10:22 pm
Deploying New Versions of a Laravel App With Fabric
Envoy is the official way to run tasks on a remote server for Laravel apps. A typical Envoy task for deploying a new version might look like this:
@servers(['web' => 'firstname.lastname@example.org']) @task('deploy', ['on' => 'web']) cd /var/www sudo chown -R matthew:matthew . git pull origin master php artisan migrate php artisan view:clear composer dump-autoload sudo chown -R www-data:www-data . sudo supervisorctl restart mail-queue @endtask
This would be defined in
Envoy.blade.php. With this in place, and Envoy set up globally, you can then run
envoy run deploy to run the
However, Envoy requires the PHP SSH library, which I haven’t been able to get working with PHP 7. Fortunately I was already familiar with Fabric, which makes an excellent alternative as long as you don’t mind writing the task in Python.
The same kind of task might look like this in a Fabric script, saved as
#!/usr/bin/env python from fabric.api import local, env, run, sudo from fabric.context_managers import cd, prefix env.hosts = ['server1.example.com'] env.path = "/var/www" env.user = "matthew" env.password = "password" # Or... env.key_filename = '/path/to/ssh/key' def deploy(): """ Deploy the latest version """ # Push changes to Bitbucket local("git push origin master") # Switch to project directory with cd(env.path): # Change owner sudo('chown -R matthew:matthew .') # Pull changes to server run('git pull origin master') # Run migrations run('php artisan migrate') # Clear cached files run('php artisan view:clear') run('composer dump-autoload') # Change owner back sudo('chown -R www-data:www-data .') # restart mail queue sudo('supervisorctl restart mail-queue')
Then, assuming Fabric is already installed locally, you can run
fab deploy to push up the latest revision.
Either of these solutions will do a fine job of deploying your app. If you do need to store user-specific data in your Fabric script, it’s probably prudent to keep it out of version control.
Whichever way you choose, it’s a really good idea to do what you can to automate deployment. It can be a boring, repetitive job, and both of these solutions make it much easier.